ASPECT IA1 -- PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT
In addition to these national standards two international supervision systems and standards had been developed. In the European Union is it doesn't Eco-Management and Audit Structure, and globally, the 14000 series of standards has been implemented by the Worldwide Standards Organisation.
Figure IA1-46: Environmental management system model.
Resource: ISO 14000.
BS EN ISO 14001 sets out the overall requirements that the organisation needs to have in place for an environmental management system. This covers the subsequent areas: Plan: Top management are required to specify the organisation's environmental coverage. Planning: Environmentally friendly management system should be properly prepared. To do so knowledge is needed of environmental factors and affects, legal and also other requirements, targets and targets for the corporation in terms of its environmental performance and a great environmental supervision programme to implement their objectives and targets.
Implementation and operation: This requires that roles, duties and specialists are defined and noted in order to facilitate effective environmental management. Training awareness and competence should also be considered intended for the positions within the management system. Communication, documents and documentation control must be considered. The typical also requires examination of functional control and emergency types of procedures.
Checking and corrective actions: The business is required to build and maintain recorded procedures to monitor and measure regularly the key features of it is operations and activities. nonconformance and corrective action types of procedures are also needed together with records. Periodically, internal audits has to be carried out.
Supervision review: The best management have to review the performance of the system over a periodic basis to ensure its continuing appropriateness, adequacy and effectiveness.
Rewards and limits of the use of supervision systems REWARDS
Considering the top quality, environmental, and health and protection management devices set out above it can be viewed they are much the same. The models have the same basic requirements, and in some cases, they just needs a word replacement unit to be the same, for example , change " Environmental Policy" in BS SOBRE ISO 14000 to " OH& T Policy" in BS OHSAS 18001. Each of them require good leadership and commitment, employee participation, reduction of waste/errors, etc .
Recognition of the sameness of the basic requirements \ many people to believe that an integration of quality, environment and health and safety jointly management system is definitely the way in advance. A growing number of organisations have accomplished integration of their management systems. The British Standards Institute (BSI) provides recognised the value of integration and produced a publicly readily available specification (PAS) 99; it is based on the six common requirements decide in the International Organisation to get Standardisation INTERNATIONALE ORGANISATION FUR STANDARDISIERUNG guide 72, a standard for writing managing systems.
LOSS CAUSATION AND EVENT INVESTIGATION -- ELEMENT IA2
IA2. you - Theories of reduction causation
Failures result from deficiency of control and are also revealed simply by loss creating events. These kinds of events may be known by a variety of labels, for example , вЂaccident' or вЂincident'. In this distribution the conditions are delivered to refer to exactly the same thing. There are many different explanations for the word accident/incident, ranging from simple to complicated. A useful meaning of an accident/incident is:
An unplanned, uncontrolled event which will led to, or perhaps could have resulted in injury to persons, damage to plant or some different loss to the company.
Number IA2-1: Meaning of an accident/incident.
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